Saturday, April 13, 2013

Oppression Theory That Supports Horizontal Violence Process

Nurses are known to be the devoted caregiver of toss perseverings. How can the patients get rid of their burden if their own caregivers are in conflict among each new(prenominal) in infirmary settings? When there is conflict in much(prenominal) kind of environment, it is called swimming madness, interpersonal conflict or bullying which is aggressive and baneful behavior of nurses against each other (Woelfle & McCaffrey, 2007). It is an expression of oppressed mathematical separate behavior evolving from feelings of low self-esteem and lack of respect from others which is support by the theory of oppression.

According to the theory stated by Woelfle & McCaffrey (2007), in order for the horizontal violence to take take aim in the nursing setting, oppression exists when a powerful and paramount separate controls and exploits a less influential or tripping target multitude. As a consequence the oppressed group displays low self esteem and self hatred as evidenced by anger and frustration (Woelfle & McCaffrey, 2007).

The theory of oppression helps to explain that the behaviors of horizontal violence aren?t directed at the individual but rather is a response to the specialised situation where one feels fear of punishment that prevents the nurse from responding to the oppression. When lot feel oppressed they feel inferior and uneffective. These kinds of nurses who feel powerless behave aggressively towards peers to relieve tension because they can?t fight against their oppressor. That results to the display of emotion which dupeize the partner where the colleague or the coworker gets the feeling of photo or prone to be hurt. The emotion or body language often includes bun of the eyes, folding the arms or storming out of the room, using sarcasm, increase voice and shouting. These people manipulate the work environment magical spell denying doing anything wrong and get satisfied from experiential difficulty and annoying of others. These negative behaviors have obvious results in human capitulum leading to anxiety and stress at work. This cycle of denial maintains its own pattern of repeated action against the vulnerable group and allows the power relations to be unchallenged. rather than fighting spinal column and risking from the superiors/violence creators, the oppressed groups frustration is manifested as conflict in their own ranks with horizontal violence from coworker to coworker. Hence, people begin to imagine this kind of behavior as a norm which they arouse their feeling of aggression to another highly prone groups such as new potash alum nurse or learner and even less confident coworkers. This cycle of behavior is typically described as horizontal violence (Woelfle & McCaffrey, 2007).

As an example, a coworker in a unit behaves aggressively in a reaction to their own part of stress by performing aggressively and displacing their anger to another same or start out hierarchical level group or coworker. Another coworker as a victim gets devastated with this behavior especially if the superior warrant or managers don?t acknowledge the behavior. Hence the victim feels angry, frustrated and vulnerable continuing the cycle of horizontal violence. Rather than fighting back against the aggressor, this group accepts this as a behavioural norm which they unconsciously sack to other lower or same hierarchical level coworker such as grad nurse or the nursing students.

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These nursing students or grad nurses later learn to displace their stress to other with the communicatory or non communicatory expression giving the feeling of vulnerability to the prone groups. Hence this cycle of oppression continues as a horizontal violence in the work place study as part of the work stress. Consequently the oppressed group often lack autonomy, accountability and control over their traffic (Woelfle & McCaffrey, 2007).

Horizontal violence is a purposeful ongoing aggregation of often negative behaviors and actions that accumulate over time. Moreover, it includes repeated acts involving an dissymmetry of strength or power, in which one or to a greater extent individuals engage in over time with the intention to pervert other and create a hostile work environment. They displace their part of frustration to others in the form of negative verbal or nonverbal expression. The cycle of oppression continues which is supported by the theory of oppression. The result of horizontal violence affects nurses, nursing managers, other medical and administrative staff, patient and their family. It is clear that horizontal violence is everywhere in nursing today and can drastically affect the nursing area. When the tension is elevated in the patient care, nurses cannot perform their best which often lead to poor prime(prenominal) patient care (Woelfle & McCaffrey, 2007).

Reference:Woelfle, C. Y. & McCaffrey, R. ( July-September, 2007). Nurse on nurse. treat Forum, Vol 42(3), p123-131

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