Saturday, April 13, 2013

Testing for Macromolecules

PURPOSEThe determination of the research laboratory is to learn how to determine the presence of glucose, stiffen, lipid, and protein in various standards through standard judges.

MODIFICATION1. Protein root, vegetable oil, glucose resolving, sucrose issue, starch resultant and distilled wet were added separately into six marked foot race tubes. The volume added was about integrity finger thick in depth of a screen out tube.

2. 5 redacts of Iodine ascendant was added to each screen tube.

3. The sample?s reaction with single was recorded.

4. The samples connected by an other(a) group with 5 drops of benedict?s resolve added were heated whole together in fiery weewee bath.

5. The test tubes containing samples were taken out of the burning water bath with test tube holders, the reaction was guardedly examined and the observations were recorded.

6. The test of the Sudan IV dissolver was agitated to em cook musical theme al-Qaida testing, which was done by the teacher before the class.

7. The dark- brownness stem dish aerials were dried off by the teacher before the class. The remainders and reactions on the dried brown opus bags were examined and observations were recorded.

8. The samples reacted with chemicals were wedded in the special disposal Erlenmeyer flask provided by the teacher. Samples were recollected as stated in the first procedure.

9. 5 drops of NaOH and 5 drops of CuSO4 were added to each test tube. The Biuret reagent was make by the mixing of two chemicals.

10. The reaction with Biuret reagent was notice and recorded.

11. The solutions were disposed as stated in the 8th procedure; the lab equipment and chemicals were re turn to the teacher.

CONCLUSIONSThrough this lab, we learned how to determine protein, lipids, glucose and starch with their indicators from un getn samples.

During the lab, I acquit noticed that the protein solution reacted more or less dramatic on the wholey with the Biuret reagent. When adding drops of Biuret reagent to other samples, they all morose red- enthusiastic, some with particles and yellow or green layers. However, with the protein solution, the solution sullen discolor, which was most noticeable in all the blue colours. So I ingest concluded that the Biuret reagent is the indicator of the protein solution. It went the resembling with samples containing lipids, glucose and starch. The vegetable oil had the most limpid reaction with the brown newsprint bag test. As among all the samples, only vegetable oil made the brown paper bag turned pellucid. The other samples did not make any(prenominal) change in colour or clarity of the brown paper bag while reacting. So I stand concluded that the Brown paper bag test is the method to indicate the lipids. The glucose solution reacted most dramatically with benedict?s solution afterward it got heat up in hot water bath. otherwise samples all turned blue and stayed transparent or translucent after reacting with the Benedict?s solution after oestrus up, but the glucose solution turned opaque and its colour changed to chromatic. So I have concluded that we can use Benedict?s solution and therefore heat up the sample to indicate glucose. The starch solution reacted most dramatically with ace solution. Other samples changed their colour to orangish after drop the iodin solution in, only the starch solution turned purple and opaque. So it leads to the conclusion that the iodine solution is the indicator for starch.

To break up the character, when we fatality to identify protein, lipids, glucose and starch, we use their indicators to react with the sample we want to examine separately. If the sample we want to examine turned orange after adding Benedict?s solution and heating up, we agnise the sample contains glucose. If the sample turned purple after dropping iodine solution in, we live the sample contains starch. If after the brown paper bag dried off, the paper bag stilled stayed translucent, we know the sample contains lipids. If the sample turned purple after we drop Biuret reagent in, we know the sample contains protein. We use the chemicals as indicators because they have an obvious and dramatic reaction with specific macromolecules and made it easy for us to identify the macromolecules contained in unknown samples.

POST LAB QUESTIONS1.Describe a peremptory test for starch. Explain how you know.

A positive test for starch would be adding iodine solution to the solution for test. As in the experiment, the starch solution had the most dramatic reaction with the iodine solution. It turned to an opaque bluish-purple solution while other samples all turned to a colour related to orange and yellow.

2.Describe a positive test for glucose. Explain how you know.

A positive test for glucose would be adding Benedict?s solution to the solution for test and then heat it. I know because in the experiment, the glucose solution had the most dramatic reaction with the Benedict?s solution after it got heat up in the hot water bath. It turned to an opaque yellowish orange solution with dark-orange precipitate at the bottom while other samples all turned to a colour related to blue and green.

3.Describe a positive test for lipids. Explain how you know.

A positive test for lipids would be Brown paper bag test in which you pour some solution for test onto the brown paper bag and see the reaction after it dried off.

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I know this as in the lab, the vegetable oil had the most dramatic reaction with brown paper bag. The brown paper bag turned translucent which can be observed quite obviously while other samples did not have any obvious reaction with the brown paper bag. omit for oil, the colour of the brown paper bag did not change with other samples.

4.Describe a positive test for protein. Explain how you know.

A positive test for protein would be adding Biuret reagent to the solution for test. I know this because in the experiment, the protein solution had the most dramatic reaction with Biuret reagent. The solution turned to a colour of purple while other samples all had a colour related to blue and yellow.

5.What was the purpose of testing distilled water for each part of the investigation?The purpose of testing distilled water for each part of the investigation is because distilled water is a pure substance and we know it doesn?t have any thing mixed in it. So the water?s reaction with the indicators can represent the other solutions which didn?t have the intravenous feeding macromolecules dissolved in them. Also it was to taper the most natural reaction and colour change with the indicators without any other chemicals affecting the results.

6.Suppose you have a sample of eat food grain that may contain one, two, three, or all four of the macromolecules you tested for in this investigation. Write a procedure describing how you would test the sample to determine which macromolecules it contains.

Chop out small cadence of breakfast metric grain into four test tubes separately; the sizing is approximately 1/5 of one breakfast food grain sample. Add 1 drop of Benedict?s solution to one test tube and heat it in hot water bath, 1 drop of iodine solution to one test tube, and 1 drop of Biuret reagent (or 1 drop of NaOH and 1 drop of CuSO4 to mix Biuret reagent) to one test tube. Also, pour the cereal in last test tube on brown paper and squeeze it.

If the heated cereal sample turned orange, then the sample contains glucose.

If the cereal reacted with iodine solution and turned purple, then the sample contains starch.

If the cereal reacted with Biuret reagent and the colour turned purple, then the sample contains protein.

If after the cereal was cleaned out of the brown paper bag, the brown paper bag turned transparent, then the cereal sample contains lipids.

Theres no citing for this lab report because it is based on what we did in the lab

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