Thursday, September 5, 2019
United Nations Environment Programme Environmental Sciences Essay
United Nations Environment Programme Environmental Sciences Essay The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) corresponding United Nations environmental programme, supporting developing countries in implement environmentally strongHYPERLINK http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_peacebuilding policies and practices. It was start as a result of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in June 1972 and has its headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya. UNEP has six regional offices and different country offices. UNEP is represent transversely the globe by six regional offices: in Africa Nairobi, Kenya. Asia and the Pacific in Bangkok, Thailand. Europe in Geneva, Switzerland. Latin America and the Caribbean in Mexico City, Mexico. North America in Washington DC, USA, and West Asia in Manama, Bahrain. UNEPs global and cross scrotal view is throw back image in its organizational structure, its conduct and its human resources. UNEP staff come from almost 100 countries. About one-third of UNEPs about 1,000 staff reside and work in Nairobi; the most are located around the world in more than 28 cities in 25 countries. UNEPs global foundation is in Nairobi, Kenya. It is particular of only two UN programme headquartered in the developing world. Being base in Africa give UNEP a first-hand considerate of the environmental problem look developing countries. UNEP has a head office in Paris, France, anywhere its Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (DTIE) is headquartered. UNEP and DTIE have branches in Geneva, Switzerland, and Osaka in Japan. UNEPs main mission is provide leadership and encourage partnership in helpful for the environment by inspiring, inform, and enable nations and peoples to develop their quality of life without compromise that of future generations. UNEP is the nominated authority of the United Nations system in environmental impact at the global and regional level. Its agreement is to coordinate the expansion of environmental policy consensus by maintained the global environment under review and bring rising issues to the consideration of governments and the international community for action. The command and objectives of UNEP emanate from United Nations General Assembly resolution 2997 (XXVII) of 15 December 1972 and subsequent amendment adopted at UNCED in 1992, the Nairobi Declaration on the Role and Mandate of UNEP, adopted at the Nineteenth Session of the UNEP Governing Council, and the Malmo Ministerial Declaration of 31 May 2000. Its actions cover a large series of issues about the atmosphere, marine and terrestrial ecosystems. It has play a important part in developing international environmental conventions, promote environmental science and information and illustrating the m those can work in conjunction with policy, working on the development and implementation of policy with national governments and regional institution and working in conjunction with environmental Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). UNEP has also been lively in grant and processing environmentally related development projects. UNEP has aided in the development of guidelines and treaties on issues such as the international trade in potentially dangerous chemicals, Tran margin air pollution, and contamination of international waterways. The World Meteorological Organization and the UNEP founded the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 1988. UNEP is also one of some Implementing Agencies for the Global Environment Facility Major functions are International arrangements to improve environmental protection, Periodic assessments and scientifically sound forecasts to maintain resolution making and international consensus on the main environmental threats and response to them, hold for more helpful national and international response to environmental threats, including policy advice to governments, multilateral organizations and others to strengthen environmental protection and incorporate environmental considerations into the sustainable development practice, More successful coordination of environmental matter surrounded by the UN system, better awareness and facility for environmental management between governments, the private sector and civil society, Better understanding of the nexus between environment and human security, poverty eradication, and preventing and mitigating natural disasters. UNEP,s responsibilities are Promoting international cooperation in the field of the environment and recommend appropriate policies, Monitoring the significance of the global environment and gathering and disseminating environmental information, Catalyzing environmental awareness and achievement to address major environmental threats between government, the private sector and civil humanity, Facilitating the coordination of UN actions on matters concerned with the environment, and ensure, through assistance, liaison and participation, that their conduct take environmental considerations into account, Developing regional programmes for environmental sustailiability. Helping, upon request, environment ministries and other environmental authorities, in particular in developing countries and countries with economies in transition, to formulate and implement environmental policies, Providing country-level environmental capacity building and technology support, serving to develop international environmental law, and providing professional advice on the development and use of environmental concepts and instruments. The understanding through standards-driven environmental policy in developed countries over the past decades suggest that the mandate environmental standards and technologies acted as a draw on economic growth and costs have been far better than expected, while still quite affordable given their high incomes. This realization has induced developed countries to look for more capable or at least less valuable means of achieve the same level of environmental security during the use of economic or market-based instruments. For developing countries and the transitional economies of Eastern Europe and the previous Soviet Union, the divorce of environmental policy from economic policy and from pains to achieve sustainable development is meaningless and potentially disastrous both economically and environmentally. Where standards of living are unacceptably low, where poverty is a major source and victim of environmental degradation, where natural resource management is the engine of growth, where formerly designed economies struggle to restructure and recover, imposing constraints on economic activity to protect the environment for its own sake rather than as an input in sustainable development has very limited appeal. Under these condition, environmental policy cannot be divorced from economic policy and development strategy. Moreover, under conditions of quick economic growth and vast structural change, mandated standards and technologies that permit no room for differential reply and change to quickly c hanging circumstances be together very valuable and difficult to enforce. Command-and-controls require the generous use of assets such as capital, government income, management skills, administrative and enforcement capabilities, the very factors that are in scarce supply in developing and reforming economies. The challenge for developing countries and transitional economies is to categorize and adopt instrument that join together environmental and economic policy and that are parsimonious in their use of scarce development and management resources instruments that allow differential response by economic units and adjust flexibly to changing circumstances. The search for instruments of environmental management in developing countries and transitional economies is a search for instruments of sustainable development. Economic instruments meet most of these conditions and are uniquely suited for the integration of environmental and economic policy and can be designed to advance sustainable development.